Tuesday, September 10, 2013

Guangzhou City makes some progress in garbage classification in 2013

In H1 2013, Guangzhou has made some significant progress in its garbage classification project. Also, a new policy has also been planning for improving the implementation of Guangzhou's garbage classification project, according to Biomaterials China News issued by CCM in September.

According to related statistics, the volume of kitchen waste classification reached 44,000 tonnes in H1 2013, up approximately 136.4% year on year, while the volume of hazardous waste classification increased to 65 tonnes, up approximately 153.8% year on year. Meanwhile, the volume of resources recovery increased by 75.1% to 719,000 tonnes, while the volume of garbage incineration decreased by 1.13% to 1.93 million tonnes. It is expected that 80% of the population in Guangzhou will reach the project's standards for garbage classification in 2013.

However, despite these achievements, the government of Guangzhou still faces difficulties in the experimental stage of the garbage classification project. These difficulties include the low awareness of garbage classification, improper facilities regarding classified garbage cans, large amounts of investment in the initial stage, etc., all of which slow the development pace of the garbage classification project and make it harder to implement similar projects nationwide in China.

To improve garbage classification, the government of Guangzhou is working on a policy named "Charging Waste Fees Based on the Number of Garbage Bags Used". According to Xie Xiaodan, the Deputy Mayor of Guangzhou, the trial implementation of this policy will begin in Sept. 2013. In detail, there are three types of biodegradable garbage bags——big bags with a price of USD0.0815 (RMB0.5), midsize bags with a price of USD0.0489 (RMB0.3), and small bags with a price of USD0.0326 (RMB0.2).

It is believed that this new policy will effectively reduce the amount of garbage in Guangzhou. The new policy is similar to policies that have already been implemented in developed countries including Japan, Singapore, and European countries.

Other cities in China have also put forward similar programs. For example, the government of Nanjing, Jiangsu Province officially carried out the garbage classification pilot program on Dec. 26, 2011 and then implemented the Garbage Classification Management Measures of Nanjing City on June 6, 2013. The relevant department revealed that the garbage classification rate in Nanjing City is under currently 20% after the garbage classification program has been operated for over one year. The department also revealed that the garbage classification coverage in Nanjing should reach 60% at the end of 2013. On July 2, 2012, Sanya, Hainan Province also started a garbage classification project. 

However, little progress has been made as of Aug. 2013, because the influx of visitors in this tourist city hinders the development of such projects.

There is no doubt that overall, China's garbage classification activity is currently only at the initial stage.

The biodegradable garbage bag, which is produced from corn starch, cassava starch and polyethylene, can greatly boost the development of China's biodegradable plastic industry. If the garbage classification project proceeds smoothly, similar projects may be gradually introduced all over the country. This will greatly boost the demand for biodegradable garbage bags. Even if the project is hampered or blocked by difficulties, it will still help improve public awareness of environmental protection, which will lay a firm foundation for the future development of the biodegradable plastic industry.

In Dec. 2012, Guangzhou's biodegradable garbage bag (for kitchen waste) produced by Kingfa Sci &Tech Co. Ltd (Kingfa) was upgraded to the second generation of bags and put into service. Compared with the first generation, the upgraded one is almost completely biodegradable (90%) within three months, and has a larger capacity. A handle has been added to the upgraded bag, which makes it more convenient to use. Also, the second generation of biodegradable garbage bags in Guangzhou has been laser printed with QR (Quick Response) code, which allows consumers to trace the source of garbage bags. The government's efforts on the garbage classification project help to promote the rapid improvement of biodegradable garbage bags, which will further accelerate the development of the biodegradable plastic industry.

Table of Contents of Biomaterials China News 1309:
Bio-based PBT may become a potential growth point for biological industry
HBUT: CO2 donor on fermentation production of succinic acid
Jilin Province plans to develop PLA industry in 2013
Guangzhou City makes some progress in garbage classification in 2013
Wuhan Huali's biological plastic base to be completed soon
Bio-based elastic staple fiber applied in home textile industry for the first time
Shanxi Sanwei sees a sharp drop in net profit in H1 2013
China's BDO industry faces an overcapacity in Jan.-Aug. 2013
China's natural rubber price increases continuously since June 2013
PLA: import volume up while export volume down in July 2013
China's import volume of dry cassava increases in July 2013
China's import volume of castor oil and its derivatives increases in July 2013
ICCAS develops a new biodegradable yarn
API Spa and Sacmi jointly develops a 100% biodegradable bottle cap
Invista and SilicoLife to jointly develop bio-based 1,3-butadiene
Hainan Biological Plastic Industrial Park to be constructed
GranBio and Rhodia plan to build a bio-based n-butyl alcohol plant in Brazil

Biomaterials China News, with 12 to 14 topics in one issue, published by CCM on 8th every month, will bring you the latest information on the market dynamics, company dynamics, new biomaterials products, new biomaterials technology development, new legislations as well as policies and raw material supply dynamics, which are shaping the significant market intelligence of the industry.

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