Thursday, February 28, 2013

Oil content of China's rape variety YN171 breaks world record again

A new rape variety named YN171, bred by Wang Hanzhong, researcher of Oilcrops Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, as well as chief scientist of the National Rape Industrial Technology System, has broken the world record of oil content again from the   previous record of 54.74% which was also created by Professor Wang. It is reported that the oil content of YN171 has hit a high record of 64.8%, which will provide valuable parent resources for China's rape breeding and research on gene regulation on high oil content. Meanwhile, it indicates that the oil content of China's rape has a huge room for improvement. In addition, Professor Wang and his team also bred a high-yield rape variety named 11-zy293 with oil content of 49.57%, which gained an oil output of 1,434 kilograms per hectare in 2011-2012 regional test, 193 kilograms per hectare higher than that of common rape variety. Besides, 11-zy293 in the regional test also showed good performances like lodging resistance, disease resistance, etc. which is suitable for mechanical sowing and harvesting.

The Ministry of Agriculture (MOA) suggests to increase the lowest purchasing price of rice drastically in 2013, in consideration of the increasing planting cost of rice in China. For example, in 2012, the planting cost of rice in Jiangxi Province grew by more than 20% over the previous year. Besides, due to continuous rain in harvesting period, the labor cost of rice harvesting in Heilongjiang Province increased by USD238/ha.-USD476/ha. in 2012. In order to stabilize farmers' enthusiasm for planting, the lowest purchasing price of rice is expected to increase largely in 2013. Actually, it is reported that the lowest purchasing prices of per kilogram of early rice, late indica rice and japonica rice in 2012 have been raised by 17.7%, 16.8% and 9.4% respectively over the previous year. Besides rice, the planting costs of other grain crops like wheat have also increased. According to investigation from the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), the net profit of wheat planting has been decreasing for three years and is expected to continue to drop this year owning to planting cost rise.

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