Aiming to establish key market indicators of China’s rice industry, CCM has carried out a syndicated research project, namely Syndicated Research Project of Hunan Rice Panel Data & Analysis Model, on rice production in Hunan Province, one of the largest rice production provinces in China, by conducting panel data investigations around the basic information which includes pesticides, seeds, fertilizers, diseases, pests and weeds, meteorology and agricultural produce.
With all the data and information refined from the results of the research, CCM will finally set up a multiple analysis model of the rice production dynamics in
Province which can also be applied to
any crop in any area in .
Actually, the project is just one of the experimental field plans of China
Agricultural Information Platform Project—a project of CCM’s long-term
planning. CCM will keep conducting similar projects on main crops in different
provinces in the future so as to build an overall China Agricultural
Information Data Platform. China
CCM chose three main rice production cities in
to start the investigation, namely Changde
City and .
Rice is mainly used for sales in the northern part of Hengyang City , while self-supply for the southern
part. Therefore, Changde and Yueyang are selected to represent the north of Hunan Hunan, while
for the south. Investigation area of this project covers: all counties under Hengyang , Yueyang and
Changde, which in total are 30 counties. Hengyang
Parts of the results from the research project
Farmers in the three cities show different rice planting enthusiasm
Different geography and land features in the three cities cause different cultivation habits of local farmers. The planting enthusiasm of rice held by the farmers in
is the lowest as a result of the low economic benefit. The geography and land
features of Hengyang City which is covered
with hills make it lack of the conditions of promoting mechanized planting. Hengyang
City Changde City
and Yueyang City
which lie in area own much
fertile soil and relative flat farmland. The planting cost of rice in the two
cities is much lower than that in Dongting
Lake and the planting enthusiasm
of farmers in these cities are much higher. Hengyang
Main sales channels of agricultural means of production in the three cities
There are four sales channels of agricultural means of production in Changde, Yueyang and
. The profit margin in every agent
level of the circulation link stays at around 5%, while the profit margin of
retailers reaches over 20%. As terminal sellers, retailers usually choose to
recommend farmers those products with larger profits and some of them start to
care about the problems of environmental protection on the premise of
considering profits and effectiveness of products. Hengyang
1. Manufacturers => provincial agents => municipal agents=> county-level agents => retailers => farmers
Owing to the complicated circulation links, the purchasing price of agricultural means of production is pushed up level by level. While reaching retailers, few profits of the products are left. Thus, this kind of sales channel seldom appears in the market of the three cities.
2. Manufacturers=> municipal agents=> county-level agents => retailers => farmers
This kind of sales channel is the most common circulation form in the three cities. Manufacturers directly supply to municipal agents, which decreases circulation links.
3. Manufacturers => county-level agents => retailers => farmers
Retailers in this kind of circulation link enjoy good profits and it becomes the main way for retailers in the three cities to purchase agricultural means of production.
4. Manufacturers => retailers => farmers
Although large profits exist in this kind of circulation link, it seldom appears in the market of the three cities. Main reason for the phenomenon is that aiming to preserve their interests, county-level agents with much greater influence in local agricultural means of production market wouldn’t let manufacturers directly sell products to retailers. Sometimes they will join up together to boycott such kind of circulation form when necessary.
Governments in the three cities gradually strengthen the support for rice planting
Governments’ support for rice planting in these cities gradually grows year by year. Cash is directly subsidized to the bank accounts of farmers, which has effectively stimulated the rice planting enthusiasm of farmers. Take the subsidy policy in
for example, local government will subsidize USD281.4/ha. to the planting of
single cropping rice and USD343.40/ha. to the planting of double cropping rice.
Besides releasing the information of pests and diseases to farmers, the staffs in crop protection stations will visit fields at regular intervals every week during planting seasons to help farmers solve problems.
The unified management of pest and disease in
has made great progress in
recent years. It has attracted more and more enterprises to get involved in the
business of unified management services. Although it has promoted the
development of agricultural industry in Hunan Province ,
it is actually not welcomed by farmers because they benefit little from it. Hunan Province
The information above is just part of the whole project that CCM is now conducting. Some other information and data are still analyzed, please keep focus on CCM.
Source: Crop Protection
News 1224 China
Table of contents of Crop Protection China News 1224
Panel data research on
rice planting Hunan
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